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《新托福千词百练》

作者:刘文勇
出版社:中央广播电视大学出版社
出版时间:2015-2-1
页数:508页
未经授权允许,不得转载本书,违者追究法律责任
如果您喜欢本书,烦请购买正版图书,支持我们


Part 09--TPO7--Section 3(2)

编辑:share 来源: 美联出国考试 发布时间:2016-11-10

文章摘要: 本文美联托福小编继续为大家整理《新托福千词百练》的内容,此为书中Part 09 Section 3的内容。

violent [ˈvaɪələnt] adj. 暴力的;剧烈的;狂暴的

TOEFL 例句 Earth is a target in a cosmic shooting gallery, subject to random violent events that were unsuspected a few decades ago.——Official Model Exam: Meteorite Impact and Dinosaur Extinction
在宇宙这个射击场里,地球是个易受随机暴力攻击的目标,而对于这种暴力攻击,几十年前人们一无所知。

 

GRE 例句 Since around 50 percent of all stars are believed to begin their lives with masses greater than 1.4M⊙, we might expect that one out of every two stars would die as a supernova. But in fact, only one star in thirty dies such a violent death.——GRE No.9-5, Section B
由于所有星球中约50%的星球都是以大于1.4M☉的质量开始其生命的,我们可以料想每两颗星球中便有一颗会作为超新星死亡。但事实上,三十个星球中才仅有一个星球会以这种暴亡终结其寿命。

 

词根词缀记忆 viol-ent
-ent*形容词后缀,如“consequent”(随之发生的)(TPO-26:Energy and the Industrial Revolution)

 

temperate [ˈtempərət] adj.有节制的;温和的;适度的

TOEFL 例句 Glaciers are sometimes classified by temperature as faster-flowing temperate glaciers or as slowerflowing polar glaciers. ——TPO-15: Glacier Formation
按照温度分类,冰川可分为快速流动温带冰川和慢速流动极地冰川。

 

GRE 例句 Studies of certain fossil distributions and of the pollen of certain temperate plants suggest decreases of a degree or two in both summer and winter temperatures and, therefore, that we may be in the declining climatic phase leading to glaciation and extinction.——GRE No.8-2, Section B
对某些化石分布以及对某些温带植物的划分所作的研究表明,无论是夏天还是冬天,气温都有1~2度的下降,因此,我们有可能处在一个气候日趋下降的阶段,这可能导致冰川作用以及物种灭绝的灾难。

 

词根词缀记忆 temper-ate
temper = moderate,如“temperature”(温度)(TPO-1:Timberline Vegetation on Mountains)
-ate*形容词后缀,表示“有……性质的”“有……味道的”,如“private”(私人的)(TPO-25:The Decline of Venetian Shipping)

 

相关题目

Passage Excerpt: “The time had come to formulate a hypothesis. The investigators theorized that about 20 million years ago, the Mediterranean was a broad seaway linked to the Atlantic by two narrow straits. Crustal movements closed the straits, and the landlocked Mediterranean began to evaporate. Increasing salinity caused by the evaporation resulted in the extermination of scores of invertebrate species. Only a few organisms especially tolerant of very salty conditions remained. As evaporation continued, the remaining brine (salt water) became so dense that the calcium sulfate of the hard layer was precipitated. In the central deeper part of the basin, the last of the brine evaporated to precipitate more soluble sodium chloride (salt). Later, under the weight of overlying sediments, this salt flowed plastically upward to form salt domes. Before this happened, however, the Mediterranean was a vast desert 3,000 meters deep. Then, about 5.5 million years ago came the deluge. As a result of crustal adjustments and faulting, the Strait of Gibraltar, where the Mediterranean now connects to the Atlantic, opened, and water cascaded spectacularly back into the Mediterranean. Turbulent waters tore into the hardened salt flats, broke them up, and ground them into the pebbles observed in the first sample taken by the Challenger. As the basin was refilled, normal marine organisms returned. Soon layer of oceanic ooze began to accumulate above the old hard layer. ”

TPO-7: The Geologic History of the Mediterranean

本题全文及相应译文见免费共享资料“黄金阅读”

The word “Turbulent” in the passage is closest in meaning to___.

A. Fresh B. Deep C. Violent D. Temperate

 

下一篇:Part 09--TPO7--Section 4(1)

返回列表:《新托福千词百练》

上一篇:Part 09--TPO7--Section 3(1)

本文来自书籍《新托福千词百练》

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