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《新托福千词百练》

作者:刘文勇
出版社:中央广播电视大学出版社
出版时间:2015-2-1
页数:508页
未经授权允许,不得转载本书,违者追究法律责任
如果您喜欢本书,烦请购买正版图书,支持我们


Part 08--TPO6--Section 1(3)

编辑:share 来源: 美联出国考试 发布时间:2016-09-01

文章摘要: 本文美联托福小编继续为大家整理《新托福千词百练》的内容,此为书中Part 08 Section 1的内容。

相关题目

Passage Excerpt: “Nomadism has further consequences. It means that pastoralist societies occupy and can influence very large territories. This is particularly true of the horse pastoralism that emerged in the Inner Eurasian steppes, for this was the most mobile of all major forms of pastoralism. So, it is no accident that with the appearance of pastoralist societies there appear large areas that share similar cultural, ecological, and even linguistic features. By the late fourth millennium B.C., there is already evidence of large culture zones reaching from Eastern Europe to the western borders of Mongolia. Perhaps the most striking sign of mobility is the fact that by the third millennium B.C., most pastoralists in this huge region spoke related languages ancestral to the modern Indo-European languages. The remarkable mobility and range of pastoral societies explain, in part, why so many linguists have argued that the Indo-European languages began their astonishing expansionist career not among farmers in Anatolia (present-day Turkey), but among early pastoralists from Inner Eurasia. Such theories imply that the Indo-European languages evolved not in Neolithic (10,000 to 3,000 B.C.) Anatolia, but among the foraging communities of the cultures in the region of the Don and Dnieper rivers, which took up stock breeding and began to exploit the neighboring steppes.”

TPO-14: Pastoralism in Ancient Inner Eurasia

本题全文及相应译文见免费共享资料“黄金阅读”

The word “exploit” in the passage is closest in meaning to___.

A. use to advantage B. depart from C. pay attention to D. travel across

 

Passage Excerpt: “Less colorful birds and animals that inhabit the rain forest tend to rely on forms of signaling other than the visual, particularly over long distances. The piercing cries of the rhinoceros hornbill characterize the Southeast Asian rain forest, as do the unmistakable calls of the gibbons. In densely wooded environments, sound is the best means of communication over distance because in comparison with light, it travels with little impediment from trees and other vegetation. In forests, visual signals can be seen only at short distances, where they are not obstructed by trees. The male riflebird exploits both of these modes of signaling simultaneously in his courtship display. The sounds made as each wing is opened carry extremely well over distance and advertise his presence widely. The ritualized visual display communicates in close quarters when a female has approached.”

TPO-17: Animal Signals in the Rain Forest

本题全文及相应译文见免费共享资料“黄金阅读”

The word “exploits” in the passage is closest in meaning to___.

A. repeats B. makes use of C. increases the intensity of D. recognizes

 

Passage Excerpt: “Pollen samples from freshwater lakes in Syria and elsewhere tell us forest cover expanded rapidly at the end of the Ice Age, for the southwestern Asian climate was still cooler and considerably wetter than today. Many areas were richer in animal and plant species than they are now, making them highly favorable for human occupation. About 9000 B.C., most human settlements lay in the area along the Mediterranean coast and in the Zagros Mountains of Iran and their foothills. Some local areas, like the Jordan River valley, the middle Euphrates valley, and some Zagros valleys, were more densely populated than elsewhere. Here more sedentary and more complex societies flourished. These people exploited the landscape intensively, foraging on hill slopes for wild cereal grasses and nuts, while hunting gazelle and other game on grassy lowlands and in river valleys. Their settlements contain exotic objects such as seashells, stone bowls, and artifacts made of obsidian (volcanic glass), all traded from afar. This considerable volume of intercommunity exchange brought a degree of social complexity in its wake.”

TPO-20: Early Settlements in the Southwest Asia

本题全文及相应译文见免费共享资料“黄金阅读”

The word “exploited” in the passage is closest in meaning to___.

A. explored B. utilized C. inhabited D. improved

 

下一篇:Part 08--TPO6--Section 2(1)

返回列表:《新托福千词百练》

上一篇:Part 08--TPO6--Section 1(2)

本文来自书籍《新托福千词百练》

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