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《新托福千词百练》

作者:刘文勇
出版社:中央广播电视大学出版社
出版时间:2015-2-1
页数:508页
未经授权允许,不得转载本书,违者追究法律责任
如果您喜欢本书,烦请购买正版图书,支持我们


Part 06--Official Model Exam--Section 5(2)

编辑:share 来源: 美联出国考试 发布时间:2016-08-02

文章摘要: 本文美联托福小编继续为大家整理《新托福千词百练》的内容,此为书中Part 06 Section 5的内容。

calculation [ˌkælkjuˈleɪʃn] n.计算;估计;计算的结果;深思熟虑

TOEFL 例句 These calculations suggest that a period of about one million years would have been required.——TPO-8: Extinction of the Dinosaurs
计算表明要形成这种沉积可能需要一百万年。

 

GRE 例句 To use a computer analogy, minor rounding-off errors occur universally and are analogous to imprecision, but occasionally a binary digit is incorrectly transmitted, perhaps ruining a calculation, and this incorrect transmission is analogous to a developmental mistake.——GRE 1992年02月题, Section A
不妨用电脑作一个类比:微小的舍入误差普遍发现,这类误差类似于不精确,但偶然一个二进制数字的不正确传输或许将一次运算全部毁掉。对于这种情况,不正确传输便类似于一个开发错误。

 

词根词缀记忆 calc-ul-ation
calc=lime,如“calcium”(钙)(TPO-19: Discovering the Ice Ages)
-ation*抽象名词后缀,表示“行为”“过程”,如“transformation”(改造)(TPO-9: The Arrival of Plant Life in Hawaii)

 

complication [ˌkɑːmplɪˈkeɪʃn] n.纠纷;复杂—— complicated [ˈkɑ:mplɪkeɪtɪd] adj.复杂的

TOEFL 例句 The question of ecosystem stability is complicated, however. The first problem is that ecologists do not all agree what “stability”means——TPO-3: The Long-Term Stability of Ecosystems
不管怎样,生态系统稳定性的问题非常复杂。首先,不是所有的生态学家都赞同“稳定”的含义。

 

GRE 例句 In addition, the Iliad, more than the Odyssey, suggests the complexity of the gods’ involvement in human actions, and to the extent that modern readers find this complexity a needless complication, the Iliad is less satisfying than the Odyssey, with its simpler scheme of divine justice.——GRE No.7-3, Section A
此外,较之于《奥德赛》,《伊利亚特》在更大程度上暗示出神袛置身于人类行动的复杂性,而只要当代读者将这种复杂性视作一种毫无必要的节外生枝,则 《伊利亚特》就不及《奥德赛》那样,以其简单而神圣的正义令人满意。

 

词根词缀记忆 com-plic-ation
com-=together,如“comfortable”(舒适的)(TPO-9: Reflection in Teaching)
plic=fold,如“application”(应用)(TPO-5: Minerals and Plants)
-ation*抽象名词后缀,表示“行为”“过程”,如“speculation”(推测;思考)(TPO-5: The Origin of the Pacific Island People)

 

相关题目

Passage Excerpt: “Impacts by meteorites represent one mechanism that could cause global catastrophes and seriously influence the evolution of life all over the planet. According to some estimates, the majority of all extinctions of species may be due to such impacts. Such a perspective fundamentally changes our view of biological evolution. The standard criterion for the survival of a species is its success in competing with other species and adapting to slowly changing environments. Yet an equally important criterion is the ability of a species to survive random global ecological catastrophes due to impacts.”

Official Model Exam: Meteorite Impact and Dinosaur Extinction

本题全文及相应译文见免费共享资料“黄金阅读”

The word “perspective” in the passage is closest in meaning to___.

A. sense of values B. point of view C. calculation D. complication

 

Passage Excerpt: “A third likely explanation for infantile amnesia involves incompatibilities between the ways in which infants encode information and the ways in which older children and adults retrieve it. Whether people can remember an event depends critically on the fit between the way in which they earlier encoded the information and the way in which they later attempt to retrieve it. The better able the person is to reconstruct the perspective from which the material was encoded, the more likely that recall will be successful.”

TPO-6: Infantile Amnesia

本题全文及相应译文见免费共享资料“黄金阅读”

The word “perspective” in the passage is closest in meaning to___.

A. system B. theory C. source D. viewpoint

 

下一篇:Part 07--TPO5--Section 1(1)

返回列表:《新托福千词百练》

上一篇:Part 06--Official Model Exam--Section 5(1)

本文来自书籍《新托福千词百练》

未经授权允许,不得转载本书,违者追究法律责任

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