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《新托福千词百练》

作者:刘文勇
出版社:中央广播电视大学出版社
出版时间:2015-2-1
页数:508页
未经授权允许,不得转载本书,违者追究法律责任
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Part 05--TPO4--Section 11

编辑:share 来源: 美联出国考试 发布时间:2016-07-21

文章摘要: 本文美联出国考试托福小编继续为大家整理《新托福千词百练》的内容,此为书中Part 05 Section 11的内容。

foul [faʊl] v.污染;弄脏;淤塞——foul [faʊl] adj.又脏又臭的;味道不好的;污秽的

TOEFL 例句 The leaves of an oak tree taste foul because they are rich in tannins, a chemical that renders them distasteful or indigestible to many organisms.——Online Test: Opportunists and Competitors
橡树的树叶很难闻,其中富含丹宁酸,它是让很多生物感到不适或无法消化的化学物质。

 

reach [riːtʃ] v.到达;达到;延伸

TOEFL 例句 Cave art seems to have reached a peak toward the end of the Upper Paleolithic period, when the herds of game were decreasing. ——TPO-4: Cave Art in Europe
在旧石器时代后期,当猎群数量减少时,岩洞画艺术似乎达到了顶峰。

 

GRE 例句 While it is likely that fewer varieties of plant seeds have reached Hawaii externally than internally, more varieties are known to be adapted to external than to internal transport. ——GRE No.9-1, Section B
尽管情况有可能是,通过外部途径到达夏威夷的植物种子,其种类的数量少于通过内部方式到达夏威夷的种子种类数量。但是,物质学家已知,较多种类的种子适宜于外部运输,而非内部运输。

 

flood [flʌd] v.涌出;涌进;淹没——flooding [’flʌdɪŋ] n.泛滥;淹没;冲击

TOEFL 例句 Efforts to control Spartina outside its natural environment have included burning, flooding, shading plants with black canvas or plastic, smothering the plants with dredged materials or clay, applying herbicide, and mowing repeatedly.——TPO-22: Spartina
为了控制米草属植物在自然环境以外的扩散,人们尝试了焚烧、水淹、用黑色的帆布或塑料布遮挡阳光、用疏浚物料或者黏土使其窒息、喷洒除草剂以及反复割草等方法。

 

pollute [pəˈluːt] v.污染;玷污;败坏——pollution [pəˈluːʃn] n.污染

TOEFL 例句 With a moderate to fairly high net energy yield, these systems emit no heat-trapping carbon dioxide or other air pollutants and need no water for cooling; manufacturing them produces little water pollution. ——Online Test: Electricity from Wind
发电厂设备在产出中等至极高的净电能的同时,不仅做到了温室气体二氧化碳和其他空气污染物的零排放,并且无须用水对设备进行降温;同时,制造业的产品基本不会造成水资源污染。

 

GRE 例句 Vehicles incorporating only the simplest of the engine improvements that methanol makes feasible would still contribute to an immediate lessening of urban air pollution.——GRE 1993年4月题, Section A
车辆一旦在发动机方面做简单的改进从而能够使用甲醇,将仍然可以对迅速减轻空气污染作出贡献。

 

alter [ˈɔːltər] v.改变;修改

TOEFL 例句 Many other processes may alter the shell of a clam or snail and enhance its chances for preservation.—— TPO-20: Fossil Preservation
很多其他过程也许会改变哈喇壳或蜗牛壳并且增加它被保存下来的几率。

 

GRE 例句 Knowing that phenols, including tannins, often act by associating with and altering the activity of proteins, researchers focused on the effects on caterpillars of ingesting the virus and leaves together.——GRE 1994年10月题, Section B
科研人员了解到,包括鞣酸在内的苯酚,经常通过与蛋白质的活动联合,并通过改变蛋白质的活动而发挥作用,因此,他们侧重研究了同时摄入病毒和树叶对毛虫产生的影响。

 

相关题目

Passage Excerpt: “Moreover, getting petroleum out of the ground and from under the sea and to the consumer can create environmental problems anywhere along the line. Pipelines carrying oil can be broken by faults or landslides, causing serious oil spills. Spillage from huge oil-carrying cargo ships, called tankers, involved in collisions or accidental groundings (such as the one off Alaska in 1989) can create oil slicks at sea. Offshore platforms may also lose oil, creating oil slicks that drift ashore and foul the beaches, harming the environment. Sometimes, the ground at an oil field may subside as oil is removed. The Wilmington field near Long Beach, California, has subsided nine meters in 50 years; protective barriers have had to be built to prevent seawater from flooding the area. Finally, the refining and burning of petroleum and its products can cause air pollution. Advancing technology and strict laws, however, are helping control some of these adverse environmental effects.”

TPO-4: Petroleum Resources

本题全文及相应译文见免费共享资料“黄金阅读”

The word “foul” in the passage is closest in meaning to___.

A. reach B. flood C. pollute D. alter

 

下一篇:Part 06--Official Model Exam--Section 1(1)

返回列表:《新托福千词百练》

上一篇:Part 05--TPO4--Section 10(2)

本文来自书籍《新托福千词百练》

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