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《新托福千词百练》

作者:刘文勇
出版社:中央广播电视大学出版社
出版时间:2015-2-1
页数:508页
未经授权允许,不得转载本书,违者追究法律责任
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Part 05--TPO4--Section 8

编辑:share 来源: 美联出国考试 发布时间:2016-07-14

文章摘要: 本文美联出国考试托福小编继续为大家整理《新托福千词百练》的内容,此为书中Part 05 Section 8的内容。

accumulate [əˈkjuːmjəleɪt] v.堆积;积累

TOEFL 例句 If you are constantly on the move, you cannot afford to accumulate large material surpluses. ——TPO-14: Pastoralism in Ancient Inner Eurasia
如果你频繁迁移,就难以负担大量积累的物资积累。

 

GRE 例句 Later, evidence in support of the idea of intense local chemosynthesis was accumulated: hydrogen sulfide was found in vent water; many vent-site bacteria were found to be capable of chemosynthesis; and extremely large concentrations of bacteria were found in samples of vent water thought to be pure. ——GRE No.8-3, Section A
后来,支持强烈局部化学合成这一思想的证据渐趋积累起来:在热液口的水中发现了硫化氢;许多热液口场址的细菌被发现具有化学合成的能力;此外,在那些曾被认为纯净无异物的热液口水样中发现了大量极为密集的细菌。

 

词根词缀记忆 ac-cumulate
ac-=ad-=to,如“accustom”(使习惯)(TPO-24: Moving into Pueblos)
cumulate=heap up

 

grow up 长大;发展

TOEFL 例句 As a result, it may abandon or modify some rites. But the myths that have grown up around the rites may continue as part of the group’s oral tradition and may even come to be acted out under conditions divorced from these rites.——TPO-1: The Origins of Theater
于是,他们会抛弃或者修改某些仪式。不过在这些仪式中发展起来的神话故事继续在人们的口头流传,甚至可能脱离了仪式而被演绎着。

 

build up 逐步建立;增进;加强

TOEFL 例句 To build up a better picture of fluctuations appreciably further back in time requires us to use proxy records. ——TPO-10: Variations in the Climate
为了更好地描述更为久远的时期的气候变化状况,我们需要使用替代性指标。

 

spread out 伸展;延长;扩散

TOEFL 例句 Why and how these people spread out into central and southern Africa remains a mystery, but archaeologists believe that their iron weapons allowed them to conquer their hunting-gathering opponents, who still used stone implements.——TPO-7: Agriculture, Iron, and the Bantu Peoples
这些人扩散到非洲中部和南部的原因及方式至今仍然是谜。不过,考古学家们相信他们的铁制武器足以帮助他们战胜那些靠采摘打猎为生的敌人,因为这些人仍然利用石质工具。

 

GRE 例句 The most compelling evidence that a continental plate is stationary is that, at some hot spots, lavas of several ages are superposed instead of being spread out in chronological sequence.——GRE No.2-2, Section A
证明某一板块是静止不动的最有说服力的证据,是几个不同地质时代的熔岩在某些热点层叠在一起,而不是按照年代顺序铺展开来。

 

break apart分裂;解体

 

相关题目

Passage Excerpt: “Petroleum, consisting of crude oil and natural gas, seems to originate from organic matter in marine sediment. Microscopic organisms settle to the seafloor and accumulate in marine mud. The organic matter may partially decompose, using up the dissolved oxygen in the sediment. As soon as the oxygen is gone, decay stops and the remaining organic matter is preserved.”

TPO-4: Petroleum Resources

本题全文及相应译文见免费共享资料“黄金阅读”

The word “accumulate” in the passage is closest in meaning to___.

A. grow up B. build up C. spread out D. break apart

 

下一篇:Part 05--TPO4--Section 9(1)

返回列表:《新托福千词百练》

上一篇:Part 05--TPO4--Section 7(2)

本文来自书籍《新托福千词百练》

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