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《新托福千词百练》

作者:刘文勇
出版社:中央广播电视大学出版社
出版时间:2015-2-1
页数:508页
未经授权允许,不得转载本书,违者追究法律责任
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Part 05--TPO4--Section 7(2)

编辑:share 来源: 美联出国考试 发布时间:2016-07-13

文章摘要: 本文美联出国考试托福小编继续为大家整理《新托福千词百练》的内容,此为书中Part 05 Section 7的内容。

influence [ˈɪnfluəns] n.影响;势力;有影响的人或事——influence [ˈɪnfluəns] v. 影响;改变;感染

TOEFL 例句 Sediment sorting and compaction influence permeability and porosity.——TPO-28: Groundwater
沉积物的分选性和压实程度影响其渗透率和孔隙度。

 

GRE 例句 Although she could not posit an unequivocal causal relationship between behavior and environmental change, Brown concluded that a change in tide schedule is one of several possible exogenous influences (those outside the organism) on the oysters ’ rhythms.——GRE No.2-2, Section B
尽管她无法在行为与环境变化之间假定某种绝对明确、毫不含糊的因果关系,但布朗仍得出结论,称潮汐时刻表的变化是诸多对牡蛎生活节律有可能产生的外源影响。

 

词根词缀记忆 in-flu-ence
in-=into,如“investigate”(调查;审查)(TPO-7: The Geologic History of the Mediterranean)
flu=flow,如“flush”(水平的;同高的)(OG: Swimming Machines)
-ence*名词后缀,如“preference”(偏爱)(OG Test 2: Feeding Habits of East African Herbivores)

 

decoration [ˌdekəˈreɪʃn] n.装饰;装潢;装饰品

TOEFL 例句 Trading was important, as so many raw materials, the semiprecious stones for the decoration of the temples, timbers for roofs, and all metals, had to be imported.——TPO-26: Sumer and the First Cities of the Ancient Near East
交易是非常重要的,因为很多原材料,如寺庙的装饰宝石、屋顶的木材和所有的金属,都要靠进口。

 

词根词缀记忆 decor-ation
拉丁文decus=ornament
-ation*名词后缀,如“celebration”(庆祝)(TPO-1: The Origins of Theater)

 

相关题目

Passage Excerpt: “The subjects of the paintings are mostly animals. The paintings rest on bare walls, with no backdrops or environmental trappings. Perhaps, like many contemporary peoples, Upper Paleolithic men and women believed that the drawing of a human image could cause death or injury, and if that were indeed their belief, it might explain why human figures are rarely depicted in cave art. Another explanation for the focus on animals might be that these people sought to improve their luck at hunting. This theory is suggested by evidence of chips in the painted figures, perhaps made by spears thrown at the drawings. But if improving their hunting luck was the chief motivation for the paintings, it is difficult to explain why only a few show signs of having been speared. Perhaps the paintings were inspired by the need to increase the supply of animals. Cave art seems to have reached a peak toward the end of the Upper Paleolithic period, when the herds of game were decreasing.”

TPO-4: Cave Art in Europe

本题全文及相应译文见免费共享资料“黄金阅读”

The word “trappings” in the passage is closest in meaning to___.

A. conditions B. problems C. influences D. decorations

 

下一篇:Part 05--TPO4--Section 8

返回列表:《新托福千词百练》

上一篇:Part 05--TPO4--Section 7(1)

本文来自书籍《新托福千词百练》

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