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《新托福千词百练》

作者:刘文勇
出版社:中央广播电视大学出版社
出版时间:2015-2-1
页数:508页
未经授权允许,不得转载本书,违者追究法律责任
如果您喜欢本书,烦请购买正版图书,支持我们


Part 05--TPO4--Section 5(2)

编辑:share 来源: 美联乐闻 发布时间:2016-07-06

文章摘要: 本文乐闻托福小编继续为大家整理《新托福千词百练》的内容,此为书中Part 05 Section 5的内容。

limited [ˈlɪmɪtɪd] adj. 有限的

TOEFL 例句 Charcoal, made from wood and thus in limited supply, was replaced with coal-derived coke (substance left after coal is heated) as steam-driven bellows came into use for producing of raw iron.——TPO-26: Energy and the Industrial Revolution
当蒸汽驱动风箱投入到生铁生产中后,木炭这种用木材烧成因此供应量有限的物质就被焦炭(煤加热后残留的物质)替代了。

 

GRE 例句 Since scientists could not experiment on human body tissue, their knowledge of familial hypercholesterolemia was severely limited.——GRE No.9-4, Section B
由于科学家无法对人体组织进行实验,因此,他们有关家族性高胆固醇血症的知识严重不足。

 

词根词缀记忆 lim-it-ed
lim=threshold,如“eliminate”(消除)(Online Test: Electricity from Wind)
-ed*形容词后缀,表示“具有……”“充满……”,如“landed”(陆地的)(TPO-7: Ancient Rome and Greece)

 

adequate [ˈædɪkwət] adj. 充足的;适当的;胜任的—— inadequate [ɪnˈædɪkwət] adj. 不充足的 ;不适当的

TOEFL 例句 Only after several inadequate breaths under such conditions, resulting in the considerable elevation of carbon dioxide and reduction of oxygen in the blood, is breathing effort adjusted. —— TPO-24: Breathing During Sleep
在这种情况下,只有经历几次不充分的呼吸,以使血液中二氧化碳的含量显著提升、氧气的含量降低,呼吸才会被调整过来。

 

GRE 例句 It also has had clear and firm notions of scholarly procedure: how one inquires into a historical problem, how one presents and documents one ’ s findings, what constitutes admissible and adequate proof. ——GRE No.7-2, Section A
有关学术研究的程序,不乏某些明确而又牢固的观念:史学家应如何探究某一历史问题,应如何呈现和佐证其研究发现,什么样的材料能构成值得采纳的、充分的证据。

 

词根词缀记忆 ad-equ-ate
ad-=to,如“adverse”(不利的)(TPO-4: Petroleum Resources)
equ-=equal,如“equality”(平等)(TPO-7: Agriculture, Iron, and the Bantu Peoples)
-ate*形容词后缀,表示“有……性质的”“有……味道的”,如“fortunate”(幸运的)(TPO-9: The Arrival of Plant Life in Hawaii)

 

相关题目

Passage Excerpt: “The earliest discovered traces of art are beads and carvings, and then paintings, from sites dating back to the Upper Paleolithic period. We might expect that early artistic efforts would be crude, but the cave paintings of Spain and southern France show a marked degree of skill. So do the naturalistic paintings on slabs of stone excavated in southern Africa. Some of those slabs appear to have been painted as much as 28,000 years ago, which suggests that painting in Africa is as old as painting in Europe. But painting may be even older than that. The early Australians may have painted on the walls of rock shelters and cliff faces at least 30,000 years ago, and maybe as much as 60,000 years ago.”

TPO-4: Cave Art in Europe

本题全文及相应译文见免费共享资料“黄金阅读”

The word “marked” in the passage is closest in meaning to___.

A. considerable B. surprising C. limited D. adequate

 

Passage Excerpt: “Other respiratory regulating mechanisms apparently cease functioning during sleep. For example, during wakefulness there is an immediate, automatic, adaptive increase in breathing effort when inhaling is made more difficult (such as breathing through a restrictive face mask). This reflexive adjustment is totally absent during NREM sleep. Only after several inadequate breaths under such conditions, resulting in the considerable elevation of carbon dioxide and reduction of oxygen in the blood, is breathing effort adjusted. Finally, the coughing reflex in reaction to irritants in the airway produces not a cough during sleep but a cessation of breathing. If the irritation is severe enough, a sleeping person will arouse, clear the airway, then resume breathing and likely return to sleep.

TPO-24: Breathing During Sleep

本题全文及相应译文见免费共享资料“黄金阅读”

The word “considerable” in the passage is closest in meaning to___.

A. significant B. Steady C. Usual D. necessary

 

下一篇:Part 05--TPO4--Section 6(1)

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上一篇:Part 05--TPO4--Section 5(1)

本文来自书籍《新托福千词百练》

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