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《新托福千词百练》

作者:刘文勇
出版社:中央广播电视大学出版社
出版时间:2015-2-1
页数:508页
未经授权允许,不得转载本书,违者追究法律责任
如果您喜欢本书,烦请购买正版图书,支持我们


Part 04--Online Test--Section 1(2)

编辑:乐闻携尔share 来源: 乐闻携尔 发布时间:2016-06-06

文章摘要: 本文乐闻托福小编继续为大家整理《新托福千词百练》的内容,此为书中Part 04 Section 1的内容。

activate [ˈæktɪveɪt] v.刺激;激活

GRE 例句 As each source is activated, it generates a wave train that moves downward at a speed determined uniquely by the rock ’ s elastic characteristics.——GRE 1990年 04月题, Section A
随着每一个波列源得以被触发,它就产生一个波列,该波列便以特定速度向下移动,而其下移的速度仅仅取决于岩石的弹性特征。

 

词根词缀记忆 act-iv-ate
act-=drive,如“action”(动作)(TPO-21: Autobiographical Memory)
-iv(e)*形容词后缀,如“progressive”(进步的)(OG Test 2: Loie Fuller)
-ate*常用的动词后缀,其名词形式是-ation,如”appreciate”(欣赏;赞赏)(TPO-29: Characteristics of Roman Pottery)

 

waste [weɪst] v.浪费;消耗——waste [weɪst] n.浪费;废物;荒地;损耗

TOEFL例句 For the first time industrial waste, such as ash from the soap-boilers, was collected in the cities and sold in the country as artificial fertilizer.——TPO-23: Seventeenth-Century Dutch Agriculture
城市首次收集煮皂的灰料等初级工业废料,将其作为人工肥料售给乡下。

 

GRE 例句 However, a number of features that are characteristic of wind-pollinated plants reduce pollen waste.——GRE 1990年4月题, Section B
然而,一系列为风授粉植物所独有的特征可减少花粉浪费。

 

相关题目

Passage Excerpt:“Growth, reproduction, and daily metabolism all require an organism to expend energy. The expenditure of energy is essentially a process of budgeting, just as finances are budgeted. If all of one ’ s money is spent on clothes, there may be none left to buy food or go to the movies. Similarly, a plant or animal cannot squander all its energy on growing a big body if none would be left over for reproduction, for this is the surest way to extinction.”

Online Test: Opportunists and Competitors

本题全文及相应译文见免费共享资料“黄金阅读”

The word “squander” in the passage is closest in meaning to___.

A. extend B. transform C. activate D. waste

 

Passage Excerpt: “As railroad lines fanned out from Chicago, farmers began to acquire open prairie land in Illinois and then Iowa, putting the fertile, deep black soil into production. Commercial agriculture transformed this remarkable treeless environment. To settlers accustomed to eastern woodlands, the thousands of square miles of tall grass were an awesome sight. Indian grass, Canada wild rye, and native big bluestem all grew higher than a person. Because eastern plows could not penetrate the densely tangled roots of prairie grass, the earliest settlers erected farms along the boundary separating the forest from the prairie. In 1837, however, John Deere patented a sharp-cutting steel plow that sliced through the sod without soil sticking to the blade. Cyrus McCormick refined a mechanical reaper that harvested fourteen times more wheat with the same amount of labor. By the 1850s McCormick was selling 1,000 reapers a year and could not keep up with demand, while Deere turned out 10,000 plows annually.”

TPO-33: Railroads and Commercial Agriculturein Nineteenth-Century United States

本题全文及相应译文见免费共享资料“黄金阅读”

The word “transformed” in the passage is closest in meaning to___.

A. dominated B. changed C. improved D. created

 

Passage Excerpt:“What could cause such high rates of extinction? There are several hypotheses, including warming or cooling of Earth, changes in seasonal fluctuations or ocean currents, and changing positions of the continents. Biological hypotheses include ecological changes brought about by the evolution of cooperation between insects and flowering plants or of bottom-feeding predators in the oceans. Some of the proposed mechanisms required a very brief period during which all extinctions suddenly took place; other mechanisms would be more likely to have taken place more gradually, over an extended period, or at different times on different continents. Some hypotheses fail to account for simultaneous extinctions on land and in the seas. Each mass extinction may have had a different cause. Evidence points to hunting by humans and habitat destruction as the likely causes for the current mass extinction.”

TPO-15: Mass Extinctions

本题全文及相应译文见免费共享资料“黄金阅读”

The word “extended” in the passage is closest in meaning to___.

A.specific B.unlimited C.reasonable D. long

 

下一篇:Part 04--Online Test--Section 2(1)

返回列表:《新托福千词百练》

上一篇:Part 04--Online Test--Section 1(1)

本文来自书籍《新托福千词百练》

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