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《文勇的新托福写作手稿》

作者:刘文勇
出版社:中国人民大学出版社
出版时间:2015-7-14
页数:388页
书号:9787300210254
未经授权允许,不得转载本书,违者追究法律责任
如果您喜欢本书,烦请购买正版图书,支持我们


第六章--如何应对托福考试(39)

编辑:share 来源: 美联乐闻 发布时间:2016-06-21

文章摘要: 本文乐闻小编继续为大家整理了《文勇的新托福写作手稿》中的内容,此为第六章--如何应对托福考试;本文主要汇总了现象解释型独立写作题目。
e.现象解释型

此类题目的特点是既不需要我们进行判断(同意/不同意),也不需要进行选择比较,只是要求我们按照题目的要求,对某一事物/现象的具体方面(what)或原因(why)或方式(how)进行解释说明。这类题目在托福写作中出现的数量虽不多,但也需要掌握。大家在解释时推荐给出3点;如果实在写不够,只能写出2个时,就必须分别对每一个进行较为详细的阐述了,否则文章会显得不饱满。

例如“In general, people are living longer now. Discuss the causes of this phenomenon. Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay”,写这类文章时,可以按照如下步骤:

1. 描述该现象。如该题,描述现在人们的平均寿命延长了,段末指出这可能是由以下几个原因引起的。

2. 分别就几个原因展开分析。

3. 对于一些现象进行提倡或制止。

再来看一个题目“Many people visit museums when they travel to new places. Whydo you think people visit museums? Use specific reasons and examples to support you opinion”,文章开头我们可以简述一下该现象或简单提一下背景;主体段落用具体的原因阐释,找到充分的论据来做支撑;在结尾处,可以根据博物馆的一系列优点(大概就是上文解释的人们参观博物馆的原因)提倡人们多参观博物馆,但是这部分内容是可有可无而不是必须的,主要在前两步。

再比如“Neighbors are the people who live near us. In your opinion, what are the qualities of a good neighbor”,或“How do movies or television influence people’s behavior”,这样的题目只需要按照要求一点一点进行阐述说明即可,原则上要求大家最少写出三个点出来,甚至有的题目在自己能力范围内,写得越多越好,需要注意的是:每个论点无论内容多少,都要独立成段,否则很容易让评卷人觉得结构混乱。

属于“现象解释型”的可供练习的题目还有以下这些:

托福185题库

1. People attend college or university for many different reasons (for example, new experiences, career preparation, increased knowledge). Why do you think people attend college or university? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

6. If you could change one important thing about your hometown, what would you change?Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer.

7. How do movies or television influence people's behavior? Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer.

12. Many people visit museums when they travel to new places. Why do you think people visit museums? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

15. Neighbors are the people who live near us. In your opinion, what are the qualities of a good neighbor? Use specific details and examples in your answer.

18. What are some important qualities of a good supervisor (boss)? Use specific details and examples to explain why these qualities are important.

21. In general, people are living longer now. Discuss the causes of this phenomenon. Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay.

22. We all work or will work in our jobs with many different kinds of people. In your opinion, what are some important characteristics of a co-worker (someone you work closely with)? Use reasons and specific examples to explain why these characteristics are important.

24. A person you know is planning to move to your town or city. What do you think this person would like and dislike about living in your town or city? Why? Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay.

42. What is a very important skill a person should learn in order to be successful in the world today? Choose one skill and use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

43. Why do you think some people are attracted to dangerous sports or other dangerous activities? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

46. What are the important qualities of a good son or daughter? Have these qualities changed or remained the same over time in your culture? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

48. People work because they need money to live. What are some other reasons that people work? Discuss one or more of these reasons. Use specific examples and details to support your answer.

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