Everyone has a moment in history, which belongs particularly to him. It is the moment when his emotions achieve their most powerful sway over him, and afterward when you say to this person ―the world today or ―life or ―reality he will assume that you mean this moment, even if it is fifty years past. The world, through his unleashed(释放的)emotions, imprinted itself upon him, and he carries the stamp of that passing moment forever.
For me, this moment-four years in a moment in history-was the war. The war was and is reality for me. I still instinctively live and think in its atmosphere. These are some of its characteristics: Franklin Delano Roosevelt is the president of the United States, and he always has been. The other two eternal world leaders are Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin. America is not, never has been, and never will be what the song and poems call it, a land of plenty. Nylon, meat, gasoline, and steel are rare. There are too many jobs and not enough workers. Money is very easy to earn but rather hard to spend, because there isn t very much to buy. Trains are always late and always crowded with ―service men. The war will always be fought very far from America, and it will never end. Nothing in America stands still for very long, including the people who are always either leaving or on leave. People in America cry often. Sixteen is the key and crucial and natural age for a human being to be, and people of all other ages are ranged in an orderly manner ahead of and behind you as a harmonious setting for the sixteen-year-olds of the world. When you are sixteen, adults are slightly impressed and almost intimidated by you. This is a puzzle finally solved by the realization that they foresee your military future: fighting for them. You do not foresee it. To waste anything in America is immoral. String and tinfoil are treasures. Newspapers are always crowed with strange maps and names of towns, and every few months the earth seems to lurch(突然倾斜)from its path when you see something in the newspapers, such as the time Mussolini, who almost seemed one of the eternal leaders, is photographed hanging upside down on a meat hook.
1.Which statement best depicts the main idea of the first paragraph?
A.Reality is what you make of it.
B.Time is like a river.
C.Emotions are powerful.
D.Every person has a special moment.
2.Why does the author still clearly remember the war?
A.Franklin Delano Roosevelt was President.
B.It was his personal reality and part of his life.
C.There was not much to buy.
D.The war would never end.
3.Which statement best describes the author s feelings about the war?
A.It was ever real for him, yet he was not actively involved.
B.It was real for him because he was a soldier at that time.
C.It was very unreal to him.
D.The war was very disruptive to the people at home.
4.Why does the author think that adults are impressed with sixteen-year-olds?
A.Adults would like to be young.
B.Sixteen-year-olds do not waste things.
C.Sixteen-year-olds read newspapers.
D.They will be fighting soon for adults.
5.Why does the author say that string and tinfoil are treasures?
A.The war has made them scarce.
B.They are useful to sixteen-year-olds.
C.He liked them when he was sixteen.
D.People are very wasteful.
In general, our society is becoming one of giant enterprises directed by a bureaucratic(官僚主义的) management in which man becomes a small, well-oiled cog in the machinery. The oiling is done with higher wages, Nell-ventilated factories and piped music, and by psychologists and ―human - relations experts; yet all this oiling does not alter the fact that man has become powerless, that he is bored with it. In fact, the blue and the white-collar workers have become economic puppets who dance to the tune of automated machines and bureaucratic management.
The worker and employee are anxious, not only because they might find themselves out of a job; they are anxious also because they are unable to acquire any real satisfaction of interesting life. They live an die without ever having confronted the fundamental realities of human existence as emotionally and intellectually independent and productive human beings.
Those higher up on the social ladder are no less anxious. Their lives are no less empty than those of their subordinates. They are even more insecure in some respects. They are in a highly competitive race. To be promoted or to fall behind is not a matter of salary but even more a matter of self-respect. When they apply for their first job, they are tested for intelligence as well as for the right mixture of submissiveness and independence. From the moment on they are tested again and again - by the psychologists, for whom testing is a big business, and by their superiors, who judge their behavior, sociability, capacity to get along, etc. This constant need to prove that one is as good as or better than one s fellow - competitor creates constant anxiety and stress, the very causes of unhappiness and illness.
Am I suggesting that we should return to the preidustrial mode of production or to nineteenth-century ―free enterprise
― capitalism? Certainly not. Problems are never solved by returning to a stage which one has already outgrown. I suggest transforming our social system form a bureaucratically managed industrialism in which maximal production and consumption are ends in themselves into a humanist industrialism in which man and full development of his potentialities - those of all love and of reason - are the aims of social arrangements. Production and consumption should serve only as means to this end, and should be prevented from ruling man.
1.By ― a well-oiled cog in the machinery ― the author intends to deliver the idea that man is .
A.a necessary part of the society though each individual s function is negligible
B.working in complete harmony with the rest of the society
C.an unimportant part in comparison with the rest of the society
D.a humble component of the society, especially when working smoothly
2.The real cause of the anxiety of the workers and employees is that .
A.they are likely to lose their hobs
B.they have no genuine satisfaction or interest in life
C.they are faced with the fundamental realities of human existence
D.they are deprived of their individuality and independence
3.From the passage we can conclude that real happiness of life belongs to those .
A.who are at the bottom of the society
B.who are higher up in their social status
C.who prove better than their fellow - competitors
D.who could dip far away from this competitive world
4.To solve the present social problems the author puts foruard a suggestion that we should .
A.resort to the production mode of our ancestors
B.offer higher wages to the workers and employees
C.enable man to fully develop his potentialities
D.take the fundamental realities for granted
5.The author s attitude towards industrialism might best be summarized as one of .
Western airliner manufacturers seem to be tripping over themselves in their eagerness to sign collaborative agreements with Asian partners as a low-cost route to developing new airliners. Their potential Asian partners seem to be tripping over themselves to sign such agreements, as a low-cost route to acquiring new airliner technology. If they are not careful the two sides will end up tripping over each other: the one by selling its birth-right for short-term gain, the other by trying to break into a market which isn t big enough to sustain it.
Technology transfer works in a growing market, where the aspirations of the new entrant receiving that technology can be met through expansion. The airliner market is not such a device.
Even the most optimistic projections of airliner sales for the next 20 years show that airliner manufacture can only be profitable if a small number of aircraft builders share the available sales. It follows that if new manufacturers come into the market and take sales, their sales must come from substitution, not expansion.
Given the complexity of today s airliners, it is unlikely that any new entrant will have both the financial and technical resources to come into the market without the involvement of an established manufacturer. In the short term, such involvement may not be to the exclusive benefit of the new entrant: most of the established manufacturers are searching for ways to reduce costs of manufacture.
In the short term,, it can be of benefit to an established Western manufacturer to have either components of complete air - frames made or assembled in lower-wage economics such a China, Taiwan or Korea, while retaining the design, development and marketing of aircraft for itself. It would be a very unwise Western 美国本科留学考试manufacturer which did not heed the fact that these developing economies are acquiring skills ( like computing ) at least as quickly as they are acquiring skills in metallbashing.
The danger comes when the new entrant no longer needs the established Western partner because it has acquired the technical and intellectual ability to design and build its own aircraft. An Asian partner may well find itself in the happy position of having the low-cost labour base, the high-cost technology base and the vital financial base to build a new airliner.
1.The author s attitude towards Western/eastern collaboration can be depicted as .
2.The airliner market is not such a device ― means that the airliner market .
A.does not encourage technology transfer
B.is too limited to offer chances of success
C.requires hi-tech rather than unaccepted devices
D.is full of competitions even for new entrants
3.Established manufacturers search for partners in order to
A.save the cost of the airframe
B.improve some aircraft components
C.save the cost of labour
D.develop new technology
4.According to the author, a wise established manufacturer should .
A.try to benefit from both financial and technical resources
B.break up his partnership with the East once profits are made
C:keep a tight told over hi-tech development and marketing of airliners
D.collaborate with Asian partners for a short time
5.The word ―base in the last paragraph represents . A.a production place
B.the initial operation of building aircraft
C.a research institute
D.a position where to start building
The government-run command post in Tunis is staffed around the clock by military personnel, meteorologists and civilians. On the wall are maps, crisscrossed with brightly colors arrows that painstakingly track the fearsome path of the enemy.
What kind of invader gives rise to such high-level monitoring? Not man, not beast, but the lowly desert locust.(蝗虫) In recent months, billions of the 3-inch-long winged warriors have descended on Algeria, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia, blackening the sky and eating up crops and vegetation. The insect invasion, the worst in 30 years, is already creating great destruction in the Middle East and is now treating southern Europe. The current crisis began in late 1985 near the Red Sea. Unusually rainy weather moistened the sands of the Sudan, making them ideal breeding grounds for the locust, which lays its eggs in the earth. The insect onslaught threatens to create yet another African famine. Each locust can eat its weight (not quite a tenth of an ounce) in vegetation every 24 hours. A good-size swarm of 50 billion insects eats up 100,000 tons of grass, trees and crops in a single night.
All ﹩150 million may be needed this year. The U.S. has provided two spraying planes and about 50,000 gal. of pesticide.
The European Community has donated ﹩3.8 million in aid and the Soviet union , Canada, Japan and China have provided chemical-spraying aircraft to help wipe out the pests. But relief efforts are hampered by the relative mildness of approved pesticides, which quickly lose their deadly punch and require frequent replications. The most effective locust killer dieldrin has been linked to cancer and is banned by many Western countries and some of the affected African nations. More then 5 million acres have been dusted with locust-killing chemicals; another 5 million will be treated by the end of June.
On May 30, representatives of Tunisia, Algeria, Libya, Morocco and Mauritania will meet in Algiers to discuss tactics to wipe out the ravenous swarms. The move is an important step, but whatever pl广州太傻留学在哪里an is devised, the locust plague promised to get worse before the insects can be brought under control.
1.The main idea of the first sentence in the passage is that
A.the command post is stationed with people all the time.
B.the command post is crowed with people all the time.
C.there are clocks around the command post.
D.the clock in the command post is taken care of by the staff.
2.The favorable breeding ground for the locust is .
C.paces covered crops and vegetation
D.the Red Sea
3.People are alert at the threat of the locust because .
A.the insects are likely to create another African famine.
B.the insects may blacked the sky.
C.the number of the insects increases drastically.
D.the insects are gathering and moving in great speed.
4.Which of the following is true?
A.Once the pesticides are used, locust will die immediately.
B.Relief efforts are proved most fruitful due to the effectiveness of certain pesticides.
C.Dieldrin, the most effective locust killer, has been widely accepted in many countries.
D.Over 10 million acres of affected area will have been treated with locust-killing chemicals by the end of June.
5.The purpose for affected nations to meet in Algiers on May 30 is .
A.to devise antilocust plans.
B.to wipe out the swarms in two years.
C.to call out for additional financial aid from other nations.
D.to bring the insects under control before the plague gets worse.
Improbable as it may seem, an increasing number of Germans are g留学培训iving up their elegant Mercedeses, sleek BMWs and ferociously fast Porsches and getting behind the wheels of imported American models - fro plush Cadillacs to more prosaic Fords. Unlike the cars produced by Detroit s European subsidiaries, these cars are as American as apple pie and watery beer. And thanks to a favorable exchange rate, they are more affordable than ever Last year Germans bought 12 477 new U.S. -built cars; sales are expected to double this year.
Like blue jeans, this buy - America fad appeals to Germans from all walks of life. Once regarded as faulty, flashy, gas - guzzling Goliaths, American autos are - thanks in large measure to foreign competition -more stylish and reliable than in years past. Tugged, off- road vehicles like the four-wheel drive Jeep Cherokee are now the hot wheels to drive among Germany s thirty- something set. Owners and Aficionados of American - made care also boast their cars are cheaper to maintain.
But that s not the main reason German motorists are choosing U.S. imports - It s their price. Even after the cost of overseas shipping is included, American - made cars offer more value - and deluxe features - for less money than German models. A
Chrysler LeBaron convertible sells for 35 000 marks; a BMW 320i convertible, by comparison, commands 10 000 marks more.
And U.S. autos come with standard equipment - electric windows, automatic locks and sun roofs - that s available only as expensive options on German models.
Owning an American car in Germany is not for everybody. But the worst headaches come form the German bureaucracy. Johann Erben, a Greiburg dental lab technician, purchased a LeBaron convertible during a U.S. trip in November - and has yet to drive it one kilometer. First, he waited months for the proper registration documents to arrive; then he spent more than 1 000 marks to have it comply with German regulations. Even so, safety inspectors refused to approve it until he changed the headlights and windows to European Community standards. ―There I was with my supermodern, $ 20,000 car and unable to get it through inspection, Erben recalled.
1.Detroit s European subsidiaries .
A.produce the same models as Detroit supplies in the U.S. market
B.provide cars of European styles
C.produce cars that are thought to be un-American by Germans
D.could hardly meet the demand for American cars last year
2.The buy-American fad that appeals to Germans most seems to be .
3.As for Germans, American cars not only are cheaper but
A.endures wear and tear
B.are adaptable to road conditions
C.石家庄出国留学网provides greater space
D.offers more deluxe features
4.Which of the following statements is true?
A.American cars used to consume a lot of oil.
B.Japanese cars still lead the German market.
C.The U.S. motor industry is now confident to cope with recession.
D.German cars are going to provide the same standard equipment as American-made cars.
5.European Community standards probably are _.
A.a law to control the amount of imported goods from other continents
B.a set of standards to inspect imported cars
C.a system to regulate measures of manufactured goods
D.a set of standards to control product quality