编辑：share 来源： 美联出国考试 发布时间：2016-11-29
Paragraph 5: In this newly emerging economic order, workers sometimes organized to protect their rights and traditional ways of life. Craft workers such as carpenters, printers, and tailors formed unions, and in 1834 individual unions came together in the National Trades' Union. The labor movement gathered some momentum in the decade before the Panic of 1837, but in the depression that followed, labor's strength collapsed. During hard times, few workers were willing to strike* or engage in collective action. And skilled craft workers, who spearheaded the union movement, did not feel a particularly strong bond with semiskilled factory workers and unskilled laborers. More than a decade of agitation did finally bring a workday shortened to 10 hours to most industries by the 1850’s, and the courts also recognized workers' right to strike, but these gains had little immediate impact. 【OG- Artisans and Industrialization】
7. The word “spearheaded” in the passage is closest in meaning to
1.spearhead [ˈspɪrhed] v. 当……的先锋；带头
TOEFL例句：And skilled craft workers, who spearheaded the union movement, did not feel a particularly strong bond with semiskilled factory workers and unskilled laborers.——OG: Artisans and Industrialization
If someone spearheads a campaign or an attack, they lead it.
...Esther Rantzen, who is spearheading a national campaign against bullying...埃丝特·兰森，一场全国性的反抗暴力运动的领导者
The spearhead of a campaign is the person or group that leads it.
The marines went ashore as a spearhead this morning to capture key targets.今天早晨，海军陆战队作为先头部队率先登陆以占领主要目标。