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托福字典:disrupt托福考试详解

编辑:share 来源: 美联出国考试 发布时间:2016-11-22

文章摘要: disrupt是什么意思?disrupt这个托福词汇在托福考试TPO中考题出现在了OG当中,是什么意思呢?本文美联出国考试小编给大家整理了托福字典:disrupt托福考试详解一文。

disrupt是什么意思?disrupt这个托福词汇在托福考试TPO中考题出现在了OG当中,是什么意思呢?本文美联出国考试小编给大家整理了托福字典:disrupt托福考试详解一文,希望对大家备考托福有所帮助。

托福考题出处:OG

Paragraph 3: The factory changed that. Goods produced by factories were not as finished or elegant as those done by hand, and pride in craftsmanship gave way to the pressure to increase rates of productivity. The new methods of doing business involved a new and stricter sense of time. Factory life necessitated a more regimented schedule, where work began at the sound of a bell and workers kept machines going at a constant pace. At the same time, workers were required to discard old habits, for industrialism demanded a worker who was alert, dependable, and self-disciplined. Absenteeism and lateness hurt productivity and, since work was specialized, disrupted the regular factory routine. Industrialization not only produced a fundamental change in the way work was organized; it transformed the very nature of work. 【OG- Artisans and Industrialization】

3. The word “disrupted” in the passage is closest in meaning to

A.prolonged

B.established

C.followed

D.upset

正确答案:D

disrupt 详细解析

1.disrupt[dɪsˈrʌpt] v.使混乱;使分裂;使瓦解;破坏

TOEFL例句:Absenteeism and lateness hurt productivity and, since work was specialized, disrupted the regular factory routine.——OG: Artisans and Industrialization

既然工厂生产已经专业化,旷工与迟到就会降低劳动生产率,也会扰乱工厂的正常运转。

GRE例句:Additional evidence was provided by negative findings: drugs called adrenergic antagonists, which block peripheral adrenaline receptors, disrupted adrenaline’s ability to regulate memory but did not affect memory enhancements produced by glucose that was not stimulated by adrenaline.—— GRE 1996年10月题,Section B

负面结果提供的额外证据是:堵住外围肾上腺素受体的、被称为肾上腺素拮抗剂的药物打乱了肾上腺素管理记忆的能力,但并没有影响由不受肾上腺素刺激的葡萄糖引起的记忆力提高。

词根词缀记忆 dis-rupt

dis-=apart,如“distract”(使分心;使混乱)(TPO-18: The Mystery of Yawning)

rupt=break,brust,如“eruption”(爆发;喷发)(TPO-25: The Surface of Mars)

2.disruption [dɪsˈrʌpʃn] n. 分裂;瓦解;破坏——disrupt [dɪsˈrʌpt] v. 破坏;瓦解;分裂

TOEFL例句:This disruption of food chain and climate would have eradicated the dinosaurs and other organisms in less than fifty years. ——TPO-8: Extinction of the Dinosaurs

这种对食物链和气候的极大扰乱将可使恐龙和其他生物在不到50年的时间内绝迹。

GRE例句:Additional evidence was provided by negative findings: drugs called adrenergic antagonists, which block peripheral adrenaline receptors, disrupted adrenaline’s ability to regulate memory but did not affect memory enhancements produced by glucose that was not stimulated by adrenaline. —— GRE 1996年10月题, Section B

负面结果提供的额外证据是:堵住外围肾上腺素受体、被称为肾上腺素拮抗剂的药物打乱了肾上腺素管理记忆的能力,但并没有影响由不受肾上腺素刺激的葡萄糖引起的记忆力提高。

词根词缀记忆 dis-rupt-ion

dis- = apart,如“disgust”(使反感)(TPO-7: Ancient Rome and Greece)

rupt = break,如“abruptly”(突然地)(TPO-7: The Geologic History of the Mediterranean)

-ion*抽象名词后缀,表示“行为”“过程”,如“exaggeration”(夸张)(TPO-14: Children and Advertising)

以上内容来自:《新托福千词百练

3.disrupt

英 [dɪsˈrʌpt] 美 [dɪsˈrʌpt]

vt. 破坏;使混乱;使分裂,使瓦解;使中断

adj. 混乱的;分裂的,中断的;瓦解的

1).VERB 使中断;扰乱

If someone or something disrupts an event, system, or process, they cause difficulties that prevent it from continuing or operating in a normal way.

Anti-war protesters disrupted the debate.反战示威者们打断了辩论。

以上内容来自:《柯林斯词典》

更多托福词汇解读,欢迎联系美联出国考试》》【定制专属复习方案】或【免费咨询电话:010-5338 2562】。

 

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