编辑：share 来源： 美联出国考试 发布时间：2016-11-17
Paragraph 5: The Psychodynamic Approach. Theorists adopting the psychodynamic approach hold that inner conflicts are crucial for understanding human behavior, including aggression. Sigmund Freud, for example, believed that aggressive impulses are inevitable reactions to the frustrations of daily life. Children normally desire to vent aggressive impulses on other people, including their parents, because even the most attentive parents cannot gratify all of their demands immediately. Yet children, also fearing their parents' punishment and the loss of parental love, come to repress most aggressive impulses. The Freudian perspective, in a sense: sees us as "steam engines." By holding in rather than venting "steam," we set the stage for future explosions. Pent-up aggressive impulses demand outlets. They may be expressed toward parents in indirect ways such as destroying furniture, or they may be expressed toward strangers later in life. 【OG- Aggression】
4. The word “gratify” in the passage is closest in meaning to
1.gratify [ˈɡrætɪfaɪ] v. 使高兴；使满足
TOEFL例句：Children normally desire to vent aggressive impulses on other people, including their parents, because even the most attentive parents cannot gratify all of their demands immediately.——OG: Aggression
-ify*动词后缀，表示“做成”“使……化”，如“identify”（确定；鉴别）（TPO-6: William Smith）
英[ˈgrætɪfaɪ] 美 [ˈɡrætəˌfaɪ]
If you are gratified by something, it gives you pleasure or satisfaction.
Mr. Dambar was gratified by his response.丹巴尔先生对他的回答感到满意。
He was gratified to hear that his idea had been confirmed...听到自己的想法得到了认可，他感到很开心。
They were gratified that America kept its promise.美国政府信守承诺，这使他们感到高兴。
We took a chance and we've won. It's very gratifying.我们决定搏上一搏，结果赢了，真是令人心花怒放。
...a gratifying development.令人欣喜的发展
He is waiting for them to recognise him and eventually they do, much to his gratification.他等着他们认出他来，让他倍感欣慰的是他们终于认出来了。
If you gratify your own or another person's desire, you do what is necessary to please yourself or them.
We gratified our friend's curiosity...我们满足了朋友的好奇心。