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托福字典:gratify托福考试详解

编辑:share 来源: 美联出国考试 发布时间:2016-11-17

文章摘要: gratify是什么意思?gratify这个托福词汇在托福考试TPO中考题出现在了OG当中,是什么意思呢?本文美联出国考试小编给大家整理了托福字典:gratify托福考试详解一文。

gratify是什么意思?gratify这个托福词汇在托福考试TPO中考题出现在了OG当中,是什么意思呢?本文美联出国考试小编给大家整理了托福字典:gratify托福考试详解一文,希望对大家备考托福有所帮助。

托福考题出处:OG

Paragraph 5: The Psychodynamic Approach. Theorists adopting the psychodynamic approach hold that inner conflicts are crucial for understanding human behavior, including aggression. Sigmund Freud, for example, believed that aggressive impulses are inevitable reactions to the frustrations of daily life. Children normally desire to vent aggressive impulses on other people, including their parents, because even the most attentive parents cannot gratify all of their demands immediately. Yet children, also fearing their parents' punishment and the loss of parental love, come to repress most aggressive impulses. The Freudian perspective, in a sense: sees us as "steam engines." By holding in rather than venting "steam," we set the stage for future explosions. Pent-up aggressive impulses demand outlets. They may be expressed toward parents in indirect ways such as destroying furniture, or they may be expressed toward strangers later in life. 【OG- Aggression】

4. The word “gratify” in the passage is closest in meaning to

A.identify

B.modify

C.satisfy

D.simplify

正确答案:C

gratify 详细解析

1.gratify [ˈɡrætɪfaɪ] v. 使高兴;使满足

TOEFL例句:Children normally desire to vent aggressive impulses on other people, including their parents, because even the most attentive parents cannot gratify all of their demands immediately.——OG: Aggression

孩子们时常想对包括他们父母在内的其他人发泄侵略性的冲动情感,因为即使是最周全的父母也无法做到立即满足孩子的所有要求。

词根词缀记忆 grat-ify

grat=please

-ify*动词后缀,表示“做成”“使……化”,如“identify”(确定;鉴别)(TPO-6: William Smith)

以上内容来自:《新托福千词百练

2.gratify

英[ˈgrætɪfaɪ] 美 [ˈɡrætəˌfaɪ]

vt. 使高兴;使满意

1).VERB 使高兴;令人满意

If you are gratified by something, it gives you pleasure or satisfaction.

Mr. Dambar was gratified by his response.丹巴尔先生对他的回答感到满意。

A.gratified

He was gratified to hear that his idea had been confirmed...听到自己的想法得到了认可,他感到很开心。

They were gratified that America kept its promise.美国政府信守承诺,这使他们感到高兴。

B.gratifying

We took a chance and we've won. It's very gratifying.我们决定搏上一搏,结果赢了,真是令人心花怒放。

...a gratifying development.令人欣喜的发展

C.gratification

He is waiting for them to recognise him and eventually they do, much to his gratification.他等着他们认出他来,让他倍感欣慰的是他们终于认出来了。

2).VERB 满足(愿望等)

If you gratify your own or another person's desire, you do what is necessary to please yourself or them.

We gratified our friend's curiosity...我们满足了朋友的好奇心。

gratification

...sexual gratification.性满足

以上内容来自:《柯林斯词典》

更多托福词汇解读,欢迎联系美联出国考试》》【定制专属复习方案】或【免费咨询电话:010-5338 2562】。

 

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