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托福字典:exposed托福考试详解

编辑:share 来源: 美联出国考试 发布时间:2016-10-25

文章摘要: exposed这个托福词汇在托福考试TPO中考题出现在了OG当中,是什么意思呢?本文美联出国考试小编给大家整理了托福字典:exposed托福考试详解一文,希望对大家备考托福有所帮助。

exposed是什么意思?exposed这个托福词汇在托福考试TPO中考题出现在了OG当中,是什么意思呢?本文美联出国考试小编给大家整理了托福字典:exposed托福考试详解一文,希望对大家备考托福有所帮助。

托福考题出处:OG

Paragraph 4: Another major discovery was made in Egypt in 1989. Several skeletons of another early whale, Basilosaurus, were found in sediments left by the Tethys Sea and now exposed in the Sahara desert. This whale lived around 40 million years ago, 12 million years after Pakicetus. Many incomplete skeletons were found but they included, for the first time in an archaeocyte, a complete hind leg that features a foot with three tiny toes. Such legs would have been far too small to have supported the 50-foot-long Basilosaurus on land. Basilosaurus was undoubtedly a fully marine whale with possibly nonfunctional, or vestigial, hind legs. 【OG- The Origins of Cetaceans】

6. The word “exposed” in the passage is closest in meaning to

A.explained

B.visible

C.identified

D.located

正确答案:B

exposed详细解析

1.exposed [ɪkˈspoʊzd] adj.暴露的;裸露的

TOEFL例句:There are two principal influences that shape the terrain: constructive processes such as uplift, which create new landscape features, and destructive forces such as erosion, which gradually wear away exposed landforms.——OG: Geology and Landscape

主要有两种影响力会改变地形:建设性的过程,如产生新的地表特征的地壳隆起;破坏性的力量,如缓慢清除突出地貌的地表侵蚀。

GRE例句:Once the star has lost the entire envelope, its exposed core becomes the central star of the planetary nebula and heats and ionizes the last vestiges of the envelope as it flows away into space.——GRE No.9-5, Section B

一旦星球失去整个包层,该星球暴露在外的内核变成行星星云的中心星球,并随同包层流失进入太空,将包层最后的残留部分加热并离子化。

词根词缀记忆:ex-pos-ed

ex-=out,如“exaggerate”(夸大)(TPO-10: Seventeenth-Century European Economic Growth)

pos=place,如“predispose”(使预先有倾向;使倾向于做)(TPO-7: Ancient Rome andGreece)

-ed*形容词后缀,表示“具有……”“充满……”,如“balanced”(协调的;均衡的)(TPO-14: Children and Advertising)

2.expose [ɪkˈspoʊz] v.显露;揭露;使暴露于—— exposed [ɪkˈspəʊzd] adj. 暴露的;裸露的

TOEFL例句:These include conducting vessels that transport water and minerals upward from the roots and that move the photosynthetic products from the leaves to the rest of the plant body and the stiffening substance lignin, which support the plant body, helping it expose maximum surface area to sunlight. ——TPO-25: The Evolutionary Origin of Plants

其中包括从根部向上运输水分和矿物质的导管,从叶片向植物其他部分输送光合作用产物的筛管,以及用来支撑植物体、使得它以最大表面积接触阳光的硬化木质。

GRE例句:By knowledge I mean more than the dreary “facts,” such as the composition of county government that the child is exposed to in the conventional ninth-grade civics course.——GRE No.3-1, Section B

所谓“知识”,我指的不仅仅是那些枯燥乏闷的、学生们在常规的九年义务教育中所接触到的“事实”,诸如县政府的构成等。

词根词缀记忆:ex-pose

ex=out,如“expansion”(扩大;扩张)(Online Test: Electricity from Wind)

pose=place,如“proposed”(提议的;建议的)(TPO-7: Agriculture, Iron, and the Bantu Peoples)

以上内容来自:《新托福千词百练

3.exposed 英 [ɪkˈspəʊzd] 美 [ɪkˈspoʊzd]

adj. 裸露的,暴露的

v. 暴露;揭露

ADJ-GRADED 暴露于风雨的;无遮蔽措施的

If a place is exposed, it has no natural protection against bad weather or enemies, for example because it has no trees or is on very high ground.

例句:...an exposed hillside in Connecticut...康涅狄格一处暴露于风雨中的小山坡

以上内容来自:《柯林斯词典》

更多托福词汇解读,欢迎联系美联出国考试》》【定制专属复习方案】或【免费咨询电话:010-5338 2562】。

 

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