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to take on: to employ, to hire (S); to accept responsibility for, to undertake
◆That factory is taking a lot of new employees on for its new production line.
◆Would you be willing to take on the task of organizing the next company picnic?
to take down: to remove from an elevated place (S); to write what is said, to note
◆We should take the pictures down from the wall and clean off the dust.
◆The secretary took down everything that was said at the meeting.
to fall through: to fail to materialize, not to succeed
This idiom is usually used with the noun plan or plans as the subject.
◆Our plan to travel to Europe last summer fell through when we were unable to save up enough money.
◆Felix made plans to have a party for everyone in his office, but they fell through at the last moment.
to give in: to surrender, to stop resisting
◆Completely surrounded by our soldiers, the enemy finally gave in.
◆Management gave in to the strikers' demands and agreed to a shortened work week.
to give off: to release, to produce, to release
◆When water boils, it gives off stream.
◆The flowers in this garden give off a strange odor.
to give out: to distribute; to become exhausted or depleted (also: to run out)
The first definition has the same meaning as the second definition of to pass out in Lesson 19.
◆An usher stood at the door of the theater giving out programs.
◆I couldn't finish the ten-mile race because my energy gave out.
◆Jeff plans to stay in Las Vegas and gamble until his money runs out.
to have it in for: to want revenge on, to feel hostile towards (also: to hold a grudge against)
◆Martina expects to lose her job because her boss has had it in for her for a long time.
◆The teacher has held a grudge against Al ever since the time that he insulted her in front of the class.
to have it out with: to quarrel with, to confront
◆I am going to have it out with Jack about all the times that he has told us lies.
◆Ben had it out with his roommate about coming back home so late and making a lot of noise.
to hold off: to delay, or to be delayed, in occurring (S)
This idiom has the same meaning as to put off in Lesson 5 when a noun or pronoun is used as an object, as in the second example.
◆If the rain holds off for a few more days, they can finish planting the rest of the crop.
◆The judge agreed to hold off making a decision until new evidence could be introduced into court.
to hold out: to endure, to be sufficient; to survive by resisting; to persist in one's efforts
The first definition for to hold out has the opposite meaning of the second definition for to give out (seventh idiom, this lesson).
◆If our supply of food and water holds out, we plan to camp here for another week. However, whenever it gives out, we'll have to leave.
◆That nation's troops cannot hold out much longer against the superior forces of the enemy.
◆The valuable football player held out for more money before signing a new contract with his team.
to hold over: to extend, to keep for a longer time (S)
◆They are going to hold over that movie for another week because so many people are coming to see it.
◆Let's hold discussion of this problem over until our next meeting.