编辑：share 来源： 美联出国考试 发布时间：2016-07-19
to stop by: to visit or stop somewhere briefly in order to do something
◆James had to stop by the registrar's office to submit a transcript request form.
◆Let's stop by the supermarket and pick up a few grocery items.
to drop (someone) a line: to write a note to someone (S)
◆As soon as I get to Florida, I'll drop you a line and tell you about my new job.
◆If you have time, drop me a line now and then while you're traveling.
to come across: to meet or find unexpectedly (also: to run across); to be perceived or judged as (also: to come off)
◆While Cheryl was cleaning the attic, she came across some very old coins. It took her by surprise to run across something like that.
◆Jeff's boss comes across as a tough, unpleasant person, but actually Jeff says that he is a good employer.
◆Some people come off quite differently than they really are.
to stand for: to represent, to signify; to tolerate
The second definition is usually used in a negative sense. The meaning is the same as to put up with in Lesson 19.
◆On the American flag, each start stands for one of the fifty states, and each stripe stands for one of the original thirteen colonies of the 1800s.
◆The citizens wouldn't stand for the increase in crime in their city, so they hired more police officers and built another jail.
to stand a chance: to have the possibility of accomplishing something
This idiom is often used with an adjective such as good or excellent. It also occurs in the negative, sometimes with the adjective much.
◆The New York baseball team stands a good chance of winning the World Series this year.
◆Because John doesn't have any previous work experience, he doesn't stand a chance of getting that job.
◆The woman injured in the serious train accident doesn't stand much chance of surviving.
to take pains: to work carefully and conscientiously
◆She takes pains to do everything well; she's our best employee.
◆He took great pains with his last assignment because he needed to get an excellent grade to pass the class.
to look on: to watch as a spectator, to observe
◆Hundreds of people were looking on as the police and firefighters rescued the passengers in the wrecked train.
◆I stayed with my son at his first soccer practice and looked on as the coach worked with the boys.
to look up to: to admire, to respect greatly
◆Children will most certainly look up to their parents if the children are brought up well.
◆Everyone looks up to the director of our department because he is a kind and generous person.
to look down on: to feel superior to, to think of someone as less important
◆People who are in positions of power should be careful not to look down on those who work for them.
◆Why does Alma look down on Mario just because his family is so poor?
to take off: to leave the ground (for airplanes); to leave, often in a hurry
The noun form takeoff derives from this idiom.
◆The plane took off over an hour late. The passengers had to buckle their seatbelts during takeoff.
◆Do you have to take off already? You just arrive an hour ago!
to pull off: to succeed in doing something difficult (S); to exit to the side of a highway
◆The group of investors pulled off a big deal by buying half the stock in that company. I wonder how they pulled it off before the company could prevent it.
◆The motorist pulled off when the police officer turned on the red lights and the siren.
to keep time: to operate accurately (for watches and clocks)
This idiom is usually used with adjectives such as good and perfect.
◆Although this is a cheap watch, it keeps good time.
◆The old clock keeps perfect time; it's never fast or slow.