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英语习语:中级--LESSON 21

编辑:share 来源: 美联出国考试 发布时间:2016-07-18

文章摘要: to go up : to increase (also: to drive up); to be constructed, to be erected The second definition is the same as the one for to put up in Lesson 19, except that go up is not used with a noun object. ◆Economists are predicting that consumer prices

to go up: to increase (also: to drive up); to be constructed, to be erected

The second definition is the same as the one for to put up in Lesson 19, except that go up is not used with a noun object.

◆Economists are predicting that consumer prices are going up. Inflation always has a tendency to drive up the cost of products.

◆A new office is going up in the downtown area. A major construction company is putting it up.

to go up to: to approach (also: to come up to, to walk up to, to run up to, to drive up to, etc.)

The related forms have the same meaning, but the type of movement is different.

◆After the lecture, several people in the audience went up to the speaker to congratulate her.

◆The little girl came up to me and shook my hand as if she had known me for years.

◆Bill's friend didn't want to admit that they had gotten lost, but finally he agreed to drive up to a gas station and inquire about the correct route.

to hand in: to submit or deliver something that is due (S)

◆Every student has to hand in an original composition each week of the semester.

◆All the salepeople hand their weekly reports in on Friday.

in case: in order to be prepared if

When the idiom occurs at the end of the sentence (the second example), then the meaning is in order to be prepared if something happens. The "something" might be an accident, a delay, etc.

◆You'd better close the windows in case it rains.

◆We should be sure to leave for the airport early, just in case.

◆Cynthia, take one of your books in case you have some time to read on our trip.

to take apart: to disassemble, to separate the parts of something (S)

A noun or pronoun usually divides this idiom.

◆It is much easier to take a watch apart than it is to assemble it.

◆The engine had a serious problem, so the mechanic had to take it apart completely in order to fix it.

to put together: to assemble (S)

A noun or pronoun usually divides this idiom. The preposition back is used when something has been disassembled and then is being reassembled, as in the second example.

◆Todd followed the directions on the box but he couldn't manage to put the bicycle together properly.

◆After the teenager took the broken video game apart and fixed it, he was unable to put it back together again.

to be better off: to be in a more favorable condition or situation

The opposite of this idiom is to be worse off.

◆Jim would be better off staying at home because of his cold.

◆You'd be much better off working in an office than in a factory.

◆The economies of some nations are worse off than they were several decades ago.

to be well-off: to have enough money to enjoy a comfortable life, to be rich (also: to be well-to-do)

◆They live in the best section of town in a large home; they are very well-off.

◆By the time I reach the age of fifty-five, I hope to be well-to-do and to travel frequently.

to take by surprise: to surprise, to amaze, to astonish (S)

A noun or pronoun usually divides this idiom.

◆The offer of a high-paying position with another company took me by surprise.

◆The president's announcement that the university was in financial trouble didn't take anyone by surprise.

to keep in touch with: to maintain contact with (also: to stay in touch with)

This idiom should be compared with to get in touch with in Lesson 9.

◆You can telephone me every few days, and in that way we can keep in touch with each other.

◆He promised to stay in touch with us while he was abroad. However, we were very disappointed that he never did get in touch with us.

to name after: to give the same name as another (S)

◆Helen's parents named Helen after her grandmother.

◆My grandson is named after Calvin Coolidge, the 30th President of the United States.

to hold on: to grasp tightly or firmly; to wait, to be patient

The second definition is often used when someone is talking on the telephone.

◆The little girl held on to her mother's hand and refused to let go as they walked through the large crowd of people.

◆(on the telephone) Could you please hold on a moment while I get a pencil and paper?

◆Come on, Mike, hold on. I can't get ready so quickly.

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