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英语习语:中级--LESSON 17

编辑:share 来源: 美联出国考试 发布时间:2016-07-12

文章摘要: to blow out : to explode, to go flat (for tires); to extinguish by blowing (S) ◆On our trip to Colorado, one of the car tires blew out when it hit a large hole in the road. ◆Little Joey wasnt able to blow all the candles out, so his big sister he

to blow out: to explode, to go flat (for tires); to extinguish by blowing (S)

◆On our trip to Colorado, one of the car tires blew out when it hit a large hole in the road.

◆Little Joey wasn't able to blow all the candles out, so his big sister helped him.

to become of: to happen to (a missing object or person)

This idiom is always used in a clause beginning with what.

◆What has become of my pencil? I had it ten minutes ago, but now I can't find it.

◆I wondered what became of you. I looked around the shopping center for two hours, but I couldn't find you at all.

to shut up: to close for a period of time (S); to be quiet, to stop talking

The second definition of this idiom is impolite in formal situations.

◆During the hurricane, all the store owners shut their shops up.

◆Bob's sister told him to shut up and not say anything more about it.

◆The student got into big trouble for telling his teacher to shut up.

have got: to have, to possess

◆Curtis has got a bad cold. He's sneezing and coughing a lot.

◆How much money have you got with you right now?

have got to: must (also: have to)

◆She has got to go to Chicago today to sign the contract papers.

◆I have to be back home by two o'clock or my wife will feel ill at ease.

to keep up with: to maintain the same speed or rate as

◆Frieda works so fast that no one in the office can keep up with her.

◆You'll have to walk more slowly. I can't keep up with you.

on the other hand: however, in contrast

◆Democracies provide people many freedoms and privileges. On the other hand, democracies suffer many serious problems such as crime and unemployment.

◆My sister takes after my father in appearance. On the other hand, I take after my mother.

to turn down: to reduce in brightness or volume (S); to reject, to refuse (S)

◆Please turn down the radio for me. It's too loud while I'm studying.

◆Laverne wanted to join the military but the recruiting officer turned her application down because Laverne is hard of hearing in one ear.

fifty-fifty: divided into two equal parts

◆Let's go fifty-fifty on the cost of a new rug for our apartment.

◆The political candidate has a fifty-fifty chance of winning the election.

to break in: gradually to prepare something for use that is new and stiff (S); to interrupt (for the second definition, also: to cut in)

◆It is best to break a new car in by driving it slowly for the first few hundred miles.

◆While Carrie and I were talking, Bill broke in to tell me about a telephone call.

◆Peter, it's very impolite to cut in like that while others are speaking.

a lost cause: a hopeless case, a person or situation having no hope of positive change.

◆It seems that Charles will never listen to our advice. I suppose it's a lost cause.

◆The police searched for the missing girl for two weeks, but finally gave it up as a lost cause.

◆Children who have committed several crimes as teenagers and show no sorrow about their actions are generally lost causes.

above all: mainly, especially

◆Above all, don't mention the matter to Gerard; he's the last person we should tell.

◆Sheila does well in all her school subjects, but above all in mathematics. Her math scores are always over 95 percent.

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