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英语习语:中级--LESSON 15

编辑:share 来源: 美联乐闻 发布时间:2016-07-07

文章摘要: inside out : with the inside facing the outside ◆Someone should tell little Bobby that his shirt is inside out. ◆The high winds ruined the umbrella by blowing it inside out. upside down : with the upper side turned toward the lower side ◆The ac

inside out: with the inside facing the outside

◆Someone should tell little Bobby that his shirt is inside out.

◆The high winds ruined the umbrella by blowing it inside out.

upside down: with the upper side turned toward the lower side

◆The accident caused on car to turn upside down, its wheels spinning in the air.

◆One of the students was only pretending to read her textbook; the teacher could see that the book was actually upside down.

to fill in: to write answers in (S); to inform, to tell (S)

For the second definition, the idiom can be followed by the preposition on and the information that someone is told.

◆You should be careful to fill in the blanks on the registration form correctly.

◆Barry was absent from the meeting, so I'd better fill him in.

◆Has anyone filled the boss in on the latest public relation disaster?

to fill out: to complete a form (S)

This idiom is very similar to the first definition above. To fill in refers to completing various parts of a form, while to fill out refers to completing a form as one whole item.

◆Every prospective employee must fill out an application by giving name, address, previous jobs, etc.

◆The teenager had some trouble filling the forms out by himself, so his mother helped him.

to take advantage of: to use well, to profit from; to use another person's weaknesses to gain what one wants

◆I took advantage of my neighbor's superior skill at tennis to improve my own ability at the game.

◆Teddy is such a small, weak child that his friends take advantage of him all the time. They take advantage of him by demanding money and making him do things for them.

no matter: regardless of

This idiom is a shortened form of it doesn't matter. It is followed by a question word such as how, where, when, who, etc.

◆No matter how much money he spends on his clothes, he never looks well dressed.

◆No matter where that escaped prisoner tries to hide, the police will find him sooner or later.

to take up: to begin to do or study, to undertake (S); to occupy space, time, or energy (S)

◆After today's exam, the class will be ready to take up the last chapter in the book.

◆The piano takes up too much space in our living room. However, it would take too much time up to move it right now; so we'd better wait until later.

to take up with: to consult someone about an important matter (S)

The important matter follows the verb take, while the person consulted follows with.

◆Can I take the problem up with you right now? It's quite urgent.

◆I can't help you with this matter. You'll have to take it up with the manager.

to take after: to resemble a parent or close relative (for physical appearance only, also: to look like)

◆Which of your parents do you take after the most?

◆Sam looks like his father, but he takes after his mother in personality.

in the long run: eventually, after a long period of time

This idiom is similar in meaning to sooner or later (Lesson 1). The difference is that in the long run refers to a more extended period of time.

◆In the long run, the synthetic weave in this carpet will wear better than the woolen one. You won't have to replace it so soon.

◆If you work hard at your marriage, you'll find out that, in the long run, your spouse can be your best friend in life.

in touch: having contact

◆James will be in touch with us soon to relay the details of the plan.

◆I certainly enjoyed seeing you again after all these years. Let's be sure to keep in touch.

out of touch: not having contact; not having knowledge of

◆Marge and I had been out of touch for years, but then suddenly she called me up the other day.

◆Larry has been so busy that he seems out of touch with world events.

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