编辑：share 来源： 美联乐闻 发布时间：2016-07-01
up to date: modern; current, timely
Hyphens (-) separate the parts of this idiom when it precedes a noun form, as in the third example. The verb to update derives from this idiom.
◆The president insisted that the company bring its aging equipment up to date.
◆This catalog is not up to date. It was published several years ago.
◆The news program gave an up-to-date account of the nuclear accident. The newscaster said that he would update the news report every half hour.
out of date: not modern; not current, not timely; no longer available in published form
Again, hyphens separate the parts of this idiom when it precedes a noun form as, in the second example. The passive verb to be outdated derives from this idiom.
◆Many people buy new cars when their old cars become out of date.
◆I don't know why Gene likes to wear out-of-date cloth. His clothes are so outdated that even his girlfriend hesitates to be seen with him.
◆This book can't be ordered any more because it is out of date.
to blow up: to inflate, to fill with air (S); to explode, to destroy (or be destroyed) by explosion (S)
◆Daddy, could you please blow up this balloon for me?
◆When the airplane crashed into the ground, it blew up immediately.
◆The military had to blow the missile up in midair when it started to go the wrong way.
to catch fire: to begin to burn
◆Don't stand too close to the gas stove. Your clothes may catch fire.
◆No one seems to know how the old building caught fire.
to burn down: to burn slowly, but completely (usually said of candles); to destroy completely by fire (S)
◆There was a large amount of wax on the table where the candles had burned down.
◆The fire spread so quickly that the firefighters could not prevent the whole block of buildings from burning down.
to burn up: to destroy completely by fire (S); to make angry or very annoyed (S) (also to tick off)
To burn up and to burn down (previous idiom) share the same definition but also have different definitions.
◆She didn't want anyone to see the letter, so she burned it up and threw the ashes away.
◆It really burns me up that he borrowed my car without asking me first.
◆Mike got ticked off that his friends never offered to help him move to his new apartment. He had to do everything himself.
to burn out: to stop functioning because of overuse; to make tired from too muck work (S)
◆This light bulb has burned out. Could you get another one?
◆Studying all day for my final exams has really burned me out.
to make good: to succeed
◆He is a hard worker, and I'm sure that he will make good in that new job.
◆Alma has always made good in everything that she has done.
stands to reason: to be clear and logical
This idiom is almost always used with the pronoun subject it and is followed by a that clause.
◆It stands to reason that a person without experience.
◆It stands to reason that he isn't going to pass the course if he never studies.
to break out: to become widespread suddenly
◆An epidemic of measles broke out in Chicago this past week.
◆If a nuclear war ever breaks out, it is unlikely that many people will survive.
◆The news says that a large fire has broken out in a huge chemical plant.
as for: regarding, concerning (also: as to)
◆As for the money, we will simply have to borrow some more from the bank.
◆There is no doubt as to her intelligence; she's the smartest one in the class.
to feel sorry for: to pity, to feel compassion for (also: to take pity on)
◆Don't you feel sorry for someone who has to work the night shift?
◆I helped drive Pierre around when he broke his foot because I took pity on him.