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英语习语是英语学习和交流的一个重要组成部分。本文内容来自【英语基本习语】ESSENTIAL IDIOMS IN ENGLISH，全书收录了各种流行经典英语学习方法，此为初级习语LESSON 1的内容。
to get in/to get on: to enter or to board a vehicle
To get in is used for cars; to get on is used for all other forms of transportation.
◆It's easiest to get in the car from the driver's side. The door on the other side doesn't work well.
◆I always get on the bus to work at 34th Street.
to get out of/to get off: to leave or to descend from a vehicle.
To get out of is used for cars; to get off is used for all other forms of transportation.
◆Why don't we stop and get out of the car for a while?
◆Helen got off the train at the 42nd Street terminal.
to put on: to place on oneself (usually said of clothes) (S)
◆Mary put on her coat and left the room.
◆Put your hat on before you leave the house.
to take off: to remove (usually said of clothes) (S)
◆John took off his jacket as he entered the office.
◆Take your sweater off. The room is very warm.
to call up: to telephone (also: to give some one a call) (S)
To call can be used instead of to call up, as in the first example below.
◆I forgot to call up Mr. Jones yesterday. I'd better call him now.
◆Call me up tomorrow, Jane. We'll arrange a time to have lunch together.
◆I promise to give you a call as soon as I arrive in New York.
to turn on: to start or cause to function (also: to switch on) (S)
◆Please turn on the light; it's too dark in here.
◆Do you know who turned the air conditioning on?
to turn off: to cause to stop functioning (also: to switch off, to shut off) (S)
Turn on and turn off, as well as their related forms, are used for things that flow, such as electricity, water, gas, etc.
◆Please turn off the light when you leave the room.
◆Are you really listening to the radio, or should I turn it off?
right away: very soon; immediately (also: at once)
◆Dad says that dinner will be ready right away, so we'd better wash our hands and set the table.
◆Tell Will to come to my office right away. I must see him immediately.
◆Stop playing that loud music at once!
to pick up: to lift form the floor, table, etc., with one's fingers (S)
◆Harry picked up the newspaper that was on the front doorstep.
◆Could you pick your toy up before someone falls over it?
sooner or later: eventually, after a period of time
◆If you study English seriously, sooner or later you'll become fluent.
◆I'm too tired to do my homework now; I'm sure I'll do it sooner or later.
to get up: to arise, to rise from a bed; to make someone arise (S)
For the last definition a noun phrase must separate the verb and particle.
◆Carla gets up at seven o'clock every morning.
◆At what time should we get the children up tomorrow?
at first: in the beginning, originally
◆At first English was difficult for him, but later he made great progress.
◆I thought at first that it was Sheila calling, but then I realized that it was Betty.