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老托福听力PBT材料为什么值得使用?

编辑:share 来源: 乐闻携尔 发布时间:2016-06-07

文章摘要: 由于大家不容易了解PBT的特点,我来多说几句。说说为什么它值得使用。本文是美联乐闻托福名师刘文勇对于老托福听力PBT材料特点以及价值的解读。

由于大家不容易了解PBT的特点,我来多说几句。说说为什么它值得使用。

PBT的听力一共分为三个section,分别是Part A、Part B、Part C。

Part A的部分结构显得特别简单,只是一男一女各说一句话,接着就马上就要做题了。如下:

M: How's that project in your economics class coming along?

W: I just put the finishing touches on it this morning.

What does the woman mean? (put the finishing touch)

(a) . She has completed her project

(b) . She needs some help finishing the project

(c) . Her economics class no longer meets

(d) . The man should not touch the project until it is finished

这种题目对于注意力难以集中的同学有奇效。其实很多同学在做新托福的听力考题时,有很严重的注意力集中问题。(同学们也不是主观上就不想认真听,就只是简单的注意力难以集中)。对于这种同学,一方面我们要鼓励并说服他们努力认真地听,锻炼注意力;另一方面也的确需要给他们一些材料:比如Part A对注意力能力要求最低,算是循序渐进。

更重要的是,Part A因为是两人各说一句话后便直接考题,所以考点往往特别精准。这对水平比较低的同学用于来收集考点单词或者专门练习听某一个考点句型也是相当有好处的。

Part B的部分相对会比Part A更长一些,可以算是Part A的加强版。

M: One of the most common questions we ask about people's behavior is why. Why she say this? Why he do that? Sometimes the reason is obvious, for example, someone is driving down the street, the light turns red, they stop, why?

W: Because they have to, legally I mean.

M: Exactly! In this case the reason is obvious, so we usually don't question it. But when the reason is not so obvious and especially when the behavior could have negative consequences, we'll more likely to feel a need to explain the causes of the behavior. Social psychologists have a term for this, for the process of explaining the causes of behavior, it's called causal attribution. And one theory suggests, there's a pattern in the way we go about attributing causes to people's behavior. According to this theory, there are two categories of reasons: internal factors and external factors. Again, Lisa, say you're driving down the road and all of a sudden some guy turn into the lane right in front of you, and you have to slam on your brake to avoid an accident. How do you react?

W: I'll probably get very angry.

M: Because....

W: Well, he's not paying attention, he's a bad driver.

M: So you automatically attribute the driver's behavior to an internal factor. He himself is to blame because he is careless.

W: So if I said it was because of heavy traffic or something, I'd be attributing his behavior to an external factor, something beyond his control.

M: Good. Now how do you usually explain our own negative behavior?

W: We blame external factors.

M: That's right.

1. What is the main topic of the discussion?

(A) Judging people's behavior.

(B) Common causes of anger.

(C) Changing people's attitudes.

(D) The effects of negative behavior.

2. According to the Prof, when are people likely to try to explain someone else's behavior?

(A) When they're unable to control the person's behavior.

(B) When the causes of the behavior are obvious.

(C) When the consequences of the behavior are unpleasant.

(D) When the behavior is expected.

3. The Prof mentions an example of a driver who stops at a red light. What does he use the example to demonstrate?

(A) It's not always clear why people behave in certain ways.

(B) People usually blame others for their mistakes.

(C) Certain conditions cause drivers to behave strangely.

(D) The reason for some behavior is obvious.

4. According to the discussion, how do most people explain their own negative behavior?

(A) They usually accept responsibility.

(B) They blame factors beyond their control.

(C) They complain about their personal problems.

(D) They compare their behavior to the behavior of others.

Part A是两人各说一句话后马上做一个题目,而Part B则是个conversation——两个人大概各说三五句对话然后完成四五个题目。这部分适合成绩略微高一点、能力略微好一点的同学进行继续的训练。依旧是这样,对话后面有题目,对测试来说非常有帮助,算是Part A的一个扩充扩展。

Part C部分可以理解为新托福lecture部分的缩减版——大概是一分多钟的一个演讲的段落。老托福的Part C部分还有一个额外的好处是:已经有先前二三十年的被研究的过程,也形成了一整套非常完整的练习体系。譬如,老托福听力的听力文本往往会非常精准,不容易出现差错;也有特别完善的题材分类体系。其二,Part C里面的每一句话都有切分节点,我们可以从音频里任意地找到特定的听不懂的句子来反复多遍的听。所以说作为一个练习材料,part C已经被大家分析的非常透彻,我们可以坐享其成。

更多托福听力答疑内容,》》》》【向文勇老师提问】或【免费咨询电话:010-5338 2562】。

声明:本文版权属乐闻携尔,未经允许,严禁删改,如果转载,请注明出处,否则必究版权。

 

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